Studia Theologica 2013, 15(3):1-28 | DOI: 10.5507/sth.2013.029
The article contains a Czech translation of the Letter to the Diocese in Caesarea (Epistula ad Caesarienses) written by Eusebius of Caesarea in 325 from Nicaea, after the Nicene Creed was adopted by the council. It consequently focuses on Eusebius' comments on the Nicene Creed, in which Eusebius draws attention to the new terminology of the Nicene Creed and attempts to expound it within his own theological position. Two of these new terms, the expressions from the substance of the Father and homousios with the Father, would seem to be particularly puzzling. Eusebius provides explanations in the letter of the two expressions at the expense of reduction...
Studia Theologica 2013, 15(3):29-42 | DOI: 10.5507/sth.2013.030
Richard (died 1173), the renowned regular canon and magister of the abbey of St. Victor in Paris, wrote the treatise De Trinitate where he tried to provide the necessary reasons leading to the acknowledgement of the rationality of these articles of faith concerning the domain of the immanent Trinity which transcends the human intellect and the possibility of predication. The fundamental point consists of the concept of love. He develops all his trinitarian theology out of this as well as his interesting and valuable theology of the third person in the Trinity. The Holy Spirit is reflected as an "insurer" of the most supreme love between divine persons,...
Studia Theologica 2013, 15(3):43-62 | DOI: 10.5507/sth.2013.031
Each legal system is pervaded by a certain system of values, regardless of its fairness, or practical enforcement of the rights resulting from its rules. In light of the fact that Western legal culture is generally based on Roman Law, but also on Christian morality, it can be argued that Canon Law is the prime medium of its value ideas up to the present day, not only from the theoretical perspective, but particularly from the practical point of view. One of the most significant elements guaranteeing the continuity of its development is also the tradition defined in the broad word concept, which determines the basic value and conceptual outlets of the...
Studia Theologica 2013, 15(3):63-72 | DOI: 10.5507/sth.2013.032
The present article examines Edith Stein's sexual differential anthropology as contained in her conferences for meetings of Catholic women circles. The author analyses her exegetic, philosophical and theological approach to the woman question. Stein had anticipated the categories of identity and reciprocity used in contemporary discussions. She finds a solution to the problems of identity and relationship between men and women in the biblical message concerning the first human couple, in the mystery of the incarnation and in the Trinitarian relationships.
Studia Theologica 2013, 15(3):73-100 | DOI: 10.5507/sth.2013.033
This article deals with the historical and current forms of political expressions of Catholicism in the USA. With a focus on the specific role of religion in the American political context, and on the historical development of the American Catholic community, it explores the plurality of opinions on the application of values which arise from Catholicism in the social and political setting. The context of ideological orientations and personalities are included both from the areas of the liberal Catholic and conservative Catholic - neoconservative and paleoconservative - spectrum.
Studia Theologica 2013, 15(3):101-128 | DOI: 10.5507/sth.2013.034
The paper deals with non-Christian religions and their reflection within selected Catholic periodicals published in the Czech language. The research is focused on Časopis katolického duchovenstva, Teologické texty, Studia theologica, Communio. The text consists of the both the characteristics of the periodicals and a summary from the 19th century up until 2010. The description of the continuity in Czech theological thought is the main contribution of the paper.
Studia Theologica 2013, 15(3):129-149 | DOI: 10.5507/sth.2013.035
In December 1919 Archbishop Leo Cardinal Skrbenský of Hříště sent his resignation to the Holy See, with this having been justified due to his health problems. Pope Benedict XV accepted his resignation. The question of Skrbenský's successor had to be resolved. The first question was a clarification of how the successor would be designated, whether elected by the Chapter or appointed by the Holy See. With regard to the voluntary resignation of Skrbenský submitted to the Pope, it was preceded by the appointment by the Holy See. Canon Stojan emerged as the most suitable candidate and was consequently appointed Archbishop of Olomouc. Stojan enjoyed great...
Studia Theologica 2013, 15(3):150-167 | DOI: 10.5507/sth.2013.036
The ninth bishop of České Budějovice, Josef Hlouch, undoubtedly ranks among the most renowned personalities of both the spiritual and religious life of the South Bohemian region. We commemorate the 110th jubilee of his birth and the 40th jubilee of his death in 2012. This year has been declared 'the year of Bishop Hlouch' by the South Bohemian diocese. What do we already know about Bishop Hlouch and what don't we? Thus far, two concise monographs, a few brief entries in encyclopedias, several studies, memoirs, popular articles and both television and radio programmes has been created. It is apparent, however, that a number of events from his life are...
Studia Theologica 2013, 15(3):168-183 | DOI: 10.5507/sth.2013.037
This study deals with the life story of Bishop Joseph Hlouch in the context of the dramatic political, social and religious changes of the 20th century - during the interwar Czechoslovak Republic, in the post-war period and during the existence of the Communist regime from its takeover in 1948 to the period of "normalization" after the Warsaw Pact invasion.
Studia Theologica 2013, 15(3):184-196 | DOI: 10.5507/sth.2013.038
This survey deals with Josef Hlouch's contribution to Catholic Action. In the first part, it provides insight into the context of the founding and development of Catholic Action from 1922 and the consequent introduction of Catholic Action in Czechoslovakia after 1927. In the second part, it relates the details of the beginnings of Catholic Action in the Archdiocese at Olomouc in the 1930s and provides insight into Josef Hlouch's contribution to the course about Catholic Action for priests in 1936. In conclusion, the survey ranks Hlouch among those clergymen who were inclined to a more intense pastoral activity as a way of solving religious questions....
Studia Theologica 2013, 15(3):197-216 | DOI: 10.5507/sth.2013.039
This study describes the internment of Bishop Joseph Hlouch of České Budějovice in 1949-1968. Firstly, it deals with his fate in the years 1949-1950 when it was under the control of State Security and an agent of the Government. It consequently describes his isolation in the building of the bishopric over the years 1950-1951 and his removal outside the diocese in March 1952. The main part of the study is devoted to his internment outside the diocese and the internment sites: Kadaň, Myštěves, Šebetov, Paběnice and Koclířov. Archival materials and the testimony of witnesses were primarily made use of for this study.
Studia Theologica 2013, 15(3):217-230 | DOI: 10.5507/sth.2013.040
The study focuses on the theological context of the time period when Josef Hlouch returned to the Diocese of České Budějovice from his internment (1968). This period was strongly influenced by the fact that the Second Vatican Council had just come to an end. The pastoral programme of Josef Hlouch for his further work in the diocese was directly based on the theology of the Council. This can be illustrated by his speech to the diocese priests which he gave on the Feast of the Apostles Peter and Paul.
Studia Theologica 2013, 15(3):231-243 | DOI: 10.5507/sth.2013.041
The article reflects on the stimuli for the religious education of Josef Hlouch's work. It deals with the similarities and differences between the time period at the beginning of the 20th century and the current one in the social context of this country. It points out the stimuli for religious education with regard to the amount of people, who were "dropping out" of the Catholic church in both time periods. It describes three reasons for people leaving the Church as they have been defined by J. Hlouch: Rational, moral and social. It compares their manifestations and draws concrete stimuli for religious education. It pays special attention to stimuli...
Studia Theologica 2013, 15(3):244-250