Studia Theologica, 2017 (roč. 19), číslo 2

Subsidiarita: od teoretického konceptu k praktické zkušenosti

Jiří Baroš

Studia Theologica 2017, 19(2):1-22 | 10.5507/sth.2017.017

According to the pre­‑eminent Anglican theologian John Milbank, if Christians do not think about politics in disconnection from their faith, they come up with similar conclusions. The article argues that a specific social ontology and unique anthropology underlies this Christian vision of politics. In its first part, primarily following the work of the American Thomist Russell Hittinger, the article demonstrates how this specific social ontology is inherent to the Catholic social doctrine. It discusses the Catholic understanding of group personality and civil society in contrast to liberal thought. In its second part, in line with the political...

Tři výhrady biskupa Synesia vůči křesťanství: duše, svět a vzkříšení

Filip Horáček

Studia Theologica 2017, 19(2):23-42 | 10.5507/sth.2017.018

Synesius rejected the ideas of the generation of the soul after the body, of the corruptibility of the world, and of the resurrection understood too literally in 411 AD. The objections by the future bishop can be evaluated differently in each particular case. His reservations about certain impiously gross ideas concerning the resurrection (of Christ, or humanity?) were quite expectable by the Christian authors of the day and cannot therefore be viewed as a legitimate argument of Synesius against the faith of the Church. In contrast, the idea of the eternity of the world is part of non-Christian Platonism in the strictest sense. Yet another type of...

Jaké „tkanivo“ pro katolickou církev?

Josef Mikulášek

Studia Theologica 2017, 19(2):43-67 | 10.5507/sth.2017.029

The challenge of fundamental ecclesiology for the present-day is to move on from the words, expressed during the Second Vatican Council concerning the self­‑presentation of the Church, towards the structural transformation of Christian communities and also of the communities of local churches. The aim of the article is to find appropriate impulses and the logic of ecclesial transformation within the framework of an interdisciplinary reflection which occurs between theology and social sciences, herein represented predominantly by relevant concepts derived from the theories of social organization and the so­‑called theory of complexity. The...

John Cuthbert Hedley, biskup otevřený evoluci

Dominik Opatrný

Studia Theologica 2017, 19(2):69-90 | 10.5507/sth.2017.019

The article presents the constructive approach of John Cuthbert Hedley, bishop of Newport, towards the theory of evolution. It helps us understand the complex discussion in the Catholic Church at the end of the nineteenth century. In reactions to St. George J. Mivart, Hedley manifested great respect towards the famous biologist, but criticized him when entering the field of theology. In contact with John Augustine Zahm, Hedley was initially very supportive, though softening Zahm’s enthusiasm. He later became more reserved and uncertain in his contacts because Zahm’s book was placed on the index of prohibited books.

Norbert Peters – svědek postoje katolických biblistů k hypotéze evolučního vzniku člověka na přelomu 19. a 20. století

Ctirad Václav Pospíšil

Studia Theologica 2017, 19(2):91-104 | 10.5507/sth.2017.020

The study is part of a research project focused on Catholic theologians and scholars who either accepted the evolutionary origin of the human body in accordance with Mivart’s thesis or denied it in years 1871–1910. The author presents the Padernborn exegete Norbert Peters (1863–1938) and a critical analysis of his book Glauben und Wissen im ersten biblischen Schöpfungsbericht (Gen 1:1–2:3), Paderborn: Verlag von Ferdinand Schöning, 1907. The above-mentioned author reacts to both the academic and popular writing of E. Haeckel. He argues as a biblical scholar that the description of the creation of man, as it is found in the first...

Teorie pravdy v tzv. středním komentáři Waltera Burleyho k Aristotelovu Perihermeneias

Jakub Varga

Studia Theologica 2017, 19(2):105-123 | 10.5507/sth.2017.031

This study deals with the early theory of truth presented by Walter Burley (ca. 1275–1344) in his so­‑called middle commentary on Aristotle’s Perihermeneias. The issue of truth is raised in the context of Aristotle’s claim that truth and falsity imply combination and separation. Burley’s dissatisfaction with this purely logical concept of truth leads him to the introduction of a structured definition of truth which allows him to clearly distinguish between truth taken as theological, ontological, epistemological or logical. The first part of this study will present Burley’s understanding of truth in the first three...

Odpadnutie od spoločenstva s Katolíckou cirkvou formálnym úkonom

Vojtech Vladár

Studia Theologica 2017, 19(2):125-150 | 10.5507/sth.2017.021

Issues concerning leaving the Catholic Church are still very much current at this time, especially in European states with an instituted Church tax. Assuming the characters of the formal act of defection from the Catholic Church are met, individual legal effects connected with such acts are also in the area of marriage law, which represented the exception from the established principle of "once a Catholic, always a Catholic". These questions also, due to the vagueness of the legal definition of this institution, infringed on the principle of legal certainty in a number of aspects. The universal lawgiver proceeded on this account to its specification...

Katolický obraz Luthera na prahu reformačního jubilea

Jaroslav Vokoun – Karel Šimr

Studia Theologica 2017, 19(2):151-179 | 10.5507/sth.2017.022

In this article, we have laid out an outline of the development of the Roman Catholic view of Luther as it appears in selected reflections by Catholic theologians. We have identified their views as being basically consensual. They introduce the same key Catholic figures and their similar views, the only differences between them being the accents on certains details and some mutual internal criticism of those who represent this development. We present a formal typology of Catholic views on Luther and a brief characterization of late twentieth century research based on our formulated terms in the second part. We look at Catholic works which were primarily...

Quodvultdeovy předkřestní katecheze a formování křesťanské identity

David Vopřada

Studia Theologica 2017, 19(2):181-200 | 10.5507/sth.2017.023

A group of Quodvultdeus’s sermons—specifically De cantico novo, De accedentibus ad gratiam I–II, De symbolo I–III, De ultima quarta feria, and De cataclysmo—is addressed to candidates for baptism (competentes). In the years after the Vandal invasion of Africa and preceding their conquest of Carthage, the Bishop of Carthage prepared new members of the Church for the upcoming persecution, when their Catholic faith would be challenged. In his catecheses, he aims at building up their identity and sense of belonging to the Church. The study focuses on four topics of his formation related...

Recenze 2017/2

Eduard Krumpolc, Vladimír Juhás, Lenka Mihová, Lukáš Nosek, Peter Olexák, Ctirad Václav Pospíšil

Studia Theologica 2017, 19(2):201-221

Ctirad Václav Pospíšil: Zápolení o pravdu, naději a lidskou důstojnost, Praha: Karolinum, 2017.
František Burda: Za hranice kultur: Transkulturní perspektiva, Brno: CDK, 2016.
Historia Ecclesiastica 7, č. 1, Prešov: Vydavateľstvo Prešovskej univerzity, 2016.
Denisa Červenková: Katolický pohled na náboženskou pluralitu, Praha: Karolinum, 2016.
Jana Juhásová: Od symbolu k latencii: Spirituálna téma a žáner v súčasnej slovenskej poézii, Ružomberok: Verbum – vydavateľstvo KU, 2016.
Jiří A. Mejsnar: Mýtus evoluce, aneb geny křičí: „Jemine, mýlíte se Darwine“, Galén, Praha 2013.