Studia Theologica 2011, 13(4):1-24
The authors analyze both the Mesha inscription and the text of 2 Kings 3, and ask what role the Israelite-Moabite conflict plays in them. They argue that these texts mention a conflict, but otherwise have hardly anything in common; they differ both in terms of the literary genre and as concerns the historical details. Thus, they should not be harmonized, and when used for a reconstruction of Transjordan history in 9th century BC, their specific literary genres should be respected. In contrast, however, the authors compare the role of divinity in both texts, and came to the conclusion that divinity plays a distinctive, decisive role in both texts. In...
Studia Theologica 2011, 13(4):25-41
The study deals with the life work of the Czech Catholic priest Vojtěch (Adalbert) Šanda (1853-1953). He lectured Exegesis and dogmatic theology at the seminary for priests in Litoměřice and later Dogmatic Theology exclusively at the Theological Faculty in Prague. Over the years 1902-1914, he was one of the most renowned Czech Catholic bible Scholars with his works written in German enjoying recognition throughout Europe. He later switched exclusively to dogmatic theology, but in the twenties he once again spoke out strongly on exegesis in the strictly conservative work Moses and the Pentateuch. The study follows the turnaround in the exegetical focus...
Studia Theologica 2011, 13(4):42-65
The goal of this paper is to describe the role of Tomáš G. Masaryk in the so-called Cultural Struggle Attempt in Czechoslovakia shortly after World War I. Masaryk is well known for his anti-catholic opinions and beliefs as well as for his struggles with the Roman Catholic Church during the era of the Austrian Monarcy. The paper suggests that Masaryk did not pursue his personal anti-catholic ideas in his policy toward the church when he became president. Instead, he enacted policies which were advantageous and protective for the Catholic Church. The role of Masaryk is presented on the issues of the crisis in the Catholic Church and the creation of the...
Studia Theologica 2011, 13(4):66-82
The funds of the Vatican Secret Archives, which were recently made available, cover the period from 1922 to 1939 (the pontificate of Pope Pius XI). It is an immense amount of archival materials, which are principally engaged in the religious affairs of the interwar period. Among the thousands of pages of documents, the article analyses the view of the Holy See on important political persons of the First Czechoslovak Republic (1918-1929). The work is an interesting "probe" into interwar Czechoslovakia and illustrates the familiar context with interesting details and brief remarks by the Church hierarchy. The author of this study reveals to what extent...
Studia Theologica 2011, 13(4):83-97
The right to the sacraments ranks among the fundamental rights of the Christian faithful. The obligation to be properly disposed for receiving the sacraments is inseparably connected with this right, and thus Catholic ministers are justified in insisting on this disposition. The responsibility for the sacramental preparation is the duty of the one who requests the sacrament and at the same time of the sacred pastors, who have an obligation to take care of the promotion of the faith. A marriage between baptized spouses, which is one of the natural rights, has the dignity of a sacrament. General norms concerning the requirements for the preparation of...
Studia Theologica 2011, 13(4):98-113
The article attempts to evaluate the possible canonical solutions to certain painful situations related to the life and service of permanent deacons. It begins with a delimitation of the status of permanent deacons and consequently attempts to introduce a typology of issues connected with their situation. This arises out of various types of deacon life-status: permanent celibate deaconacy (within a diocese or in a certain institute of consecrated life or in an association of apostolic life), the non-celibate deaconacy of married men or the deaconacy of widowers. The canonical procedures deal with the laicization of a deacon - either of a married or...
Studia Theologica 2011, 13(4):114-116
Studia Theologica 2011, 13(4):117-126
The paper makes an inquiry into three areas of Luther's up until now less known natural theology: natural cognition of God (cognitio Dei naturalis), natural human reason (ratio) and natural law (lex naturalis). All these areas are related to the proposed theme concerning the foundation of universal ethics. The German reformer Luther illuminates all three parts on the biblical dialectical background, in which he points to God's original intention with human beings on the one hand and to the concrete historical situation of human beings after Adam's fall into sin on the other hand.
Studia Theologica 2011, 13(4):127-136
The study compares the concept of the natural law according to the ITC document: The Search for Universal Ethics: A New Look at Natural Law with similar terms used in the theology of the Czechoslovak Hussite Church - in particular the terms moral law, humanity, freedom of conscience. The main differences amongst these concepts are seen in different attitudes toward natural theology. The author sees a fundamental agreement in an attempt to state certain general human common ethical principles, which are also based on significant cultural and religious traditions, in order to strengthen interpersonal coexistence in a global context.
Studia Theologica 2011, 13(4):137-151
The article focuses on the reception of the idea of the natural law in Jewish thinking from Medieval to Postmodern times. It starts with outlining Maimuni's refusal to put practical and ethical aspects of human existence on the same footing as theoretical pursuits of human intellect. This assumption is set against Aquinas' analogical understanding of the functioning of practical and speculative reason, which is essential for the Thomistic grounding of the concept of the natural law. The article then proceeds to Yoseph Albo, the first Jewish scholar to introduce a Christian-like concept of natural law. One of his objectives for adopting the idea of...
Studia Theologica 2011, 13(4):152-161
The author critically reflects on the first part of the ITC document (2008) from the point of view of religious studies. He asserts that the document uses typically Euro-American terminology and that the concept of religion applied in this text is also problematic. The text will be difficult to understand for a reader living outside the Christian cultural area.
Studia Theologica 2011, 13(4):162-169
The concept of the normative system as a partially ordered set of norms is defined in the paper. Certain principles of deduction over norms and claims regarding the consistency of the normative system and the mode of the elimination of a contradiction are formulated. The problems of the consistency of normative systems are demonstrated with the example of the Decalogue, in particular the Fourth Commandment.
Studia Theologica 2011, 13(4):170-184
The study is a reaction against the subjectivism of modern ethical thinking. The author presents the ethical position of C. S. Lewis in comparison with the ITC document (2008) and reveals interesting connections between both concepts. The Natural Law is not merely a subjective matter. C. S. Lewis speaks about deep connections between the concept of the Natural Law and the Christian image of God.
Studia Theologica 2011, 13(4):185-190
The paper deals with the Natural Law from the point of view of Fundamental Theology, particularly the Theology of Revelation. The author argues in favour of the thesis that the Natural Law has a full validity only in cases when it is confirmed by the biblical Revelation of God. Universal ethics can only be found in the Light of Christ's Gospel.
Studia Theologica 2011, 13(4):191-206
The idea of natural law comes from ancient Greek philosophy where it was understood as predominantly static. Transferred into the Christian theology, it was also understood as something stable, immovable, and unchangeable. Many examples of this can be shown, including those from the Czech tradition of moral theology from the period prior to the Second Vatican Council. The present document represents a completely different approach: Natural moral law is something dynamic, connected with the human conscience, ways of self-realization and of discerning good and evil. It does not represent heteronomous control of the conscience from outside but is a principal...
Studia Theologica 2011, 13(4):207-216
The author mentions two critical notes on the work of the ITC which does not consider its own former documents in its subsequent chronological texts. Moreover, the documents of this Commission are in need of an institutionalized academic dialogical reflection. Furthermore, the author deals with the category of species, which is very important in the sphere of natural order. Finally, the author demonstrates that the so-called "Golden Rule" is not particularly comprehensible out of the Trinitarian Image of God.
Studia Theologica 2011, 13(4):217-225