Studia Theologica 2016, 18(4):151-171 | DOI: 10.5507/sth.2016.043

Fenomén nových komunit v katolické církvi a příklady z Francie

Petr Mucha
Katedra teologických věd, TF JU, Kněžská 8, 370 01 České Budějovice

The Phenomenon of New Communities in the Catholic Church with Examples from France

This article explores the phenomenon of new communities within the Catholic Church. Particular attention is paid to communities that originated in France during the 20th century. The aim is to provide a basic reflection of this issue which has not yet been systematically studied. The article reflects the theological significance of the new communities, particularly in relation to the Second Vatican Council. It also addresses the termino- logy and temporal definition of the phenomenon. It consequently reflects on the context of the French church and society, as well as certain critical aspects of these new communities. The last section outlines a basic classification of these communities that was created according to the main characteristics of their spirituality, as well as a brief overview of the most significant communities. The article concludes with suggestions for further theological research on the phenomenon.

Keywords: New Communities; New Ecclesial Movements; the Catholic Church; Second Vatican Council; the Church in France; Christianity in the 20th Century.

Zveřejněno: prosinec 2016


Reference

  1. Tony Hanna, New Ecclesial Movements: Communion and Liberation, Neo-catechumenal Way, Charismatic Renewal, Staten Island: Alba House, 2006.
  2. Bruno Secondin, Nová hnutí v církvi, Kostelní vydří: Karmelitánské nakladatelství, 1999.
  3. Giancarlo Rocca, Primo censimento delle nuove comunità, Roma: Urbaniana University Press, 2010.
  4. The Ecclesial Movements in the Pastoral Concern of the Bishops, Vatican: Pontificium Concilium pro Laicis, 2000.
  5. Brendan Leahy, Ecclesial Movements and Communities: Origins, Significance, and Issues, New York: New City Press, 2011.
  6. Tomáš Petráček, "Proč a jak vznikají řeholní řády?," Salve 16, č. 1 (2006): 101-118.
  7. Stanislav Rylko, "New Fruits of Ecclesial Maturity," in The Beauty of Being a Christian, Vatican: Pontificium Concilium pro Laicis, 2000, s. 15-27.
  8. Dokumenty II. vatikánského koncilu, Praha: Zvon, 1995.
  9. Frédéric Lenoir, Les communautés nouvelles, Paris: Fayard, 1988.
  10. Olivier Landron, Les communautés nouvelles: Nouveaux visages du catholicisme français, Paris: Éditions du CERF, 2004.
  11. Piero Coda, "Ecclesial Movements and New Communities in the Mission of the Church: A Theological, Pastoral and Missionary Perspective," in Pastors and the Ecclesial Movements, Vatican: Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2009, s. 35-49.
  12. Pascal et Marie-Annick Pingault, À la rencontre des communautés nouvelles: Petit guide, Nouan le Fuzelier: Éditions des Beatitudes, 2005.
  13. Komunita Blahoslavenstiev, Kniha života, Edícia Leva z Júdu, nedatováno.
  14. Roberto Fusco - Giancarlo Rocca (ed.), Nuove forme di vita consacrata, Roma: Urbaniana University Press, 2010.
  15. Christifideles laici, Praha: Zvon, 1990.
  16. Evangelii nuntiandi, Praha: Zvon, 1990.
  17. Kodex kanonického práva, Praha: Zvon, 1994.
  18. Thomas Rausch, Radical Christian Communities, Eugene: Wipf and Stock Publishers, 2002.
  19. Jacques Dubois, Les ordres monastiques, Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 2005.
  20. Jean Baubérot, Histoire de la laïcité en France, Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 2003.
  21. William Smith, "The Church," in Aspects of Contemporary France, ed. Sheila Perry, New York: Routledge, 1997, s. 155-156.
  22. Stéphanie Le Bars, "Opération 'vérité' pour les Frères de Saint-Jean, éclaboussés par les scandales," Le Monde, 18. 5. 2013.
  23. Stefania Palmisano, Exploring New Monastic Communities: The (Re)invention of Tradition, Surrey: Ashgate, 2015.
  24. Alexandre Ganoczy, "The Ecclesiology of the Charismatic Communities and the Sects," in Alberto Melloni (ed.), Movements in the Church, London: CMS Press, 2003, s. 84-85.
  25. Stéphanie Le Bars, "Les Béatitudes en redressement spirituel," Le Monde, 29. 11. 2011.
  26. Stefano de Fiores - Tullo Goffi (ed.), Slovník spirituality, Kostelní Vydří: Karmelitánské nakladatelství, 1999.
  27. Kniha života Mnišského bratrstva Jeruzalém, Brno: Kartuziánské nakladatelství, 2013.
  28. Pavel Říčan, "Spiritualita v centru struktury osobnosti," in Marek Blatný a kol., Psychologie osobnosti: Hlavní témata, současné přístupy, Praha: Grada Publishing, 2010, s. 225-232.
  29. Statuts de la Communauté de l'Emmanuel et de la Fraternité de Jésus, oficiální webová prezentace komunity Emmanuel, http://www.emmanuel.info/la-communaute/statutscanoniquedelacommunaute/ [cit. 11. 5. 2016].
  30. Komunita Emmanuel, oficiální webová prezentace, http://www.emmanuel.info/la-communaute/presentation-de-la-communaute-de-lemmanuel/ [cit. 15. 5. 2016].
  31. Bernard Descouleurs - Christiane Gaud, Marguerite-Marie Alacoque: La Mystique du Coeur, Paris: Éditions du CERF, 1996.
  32. Raymond Darricau - Bernard Peyrous, "Nová společenství ve Francii," Salve 4, č. 9 (2009): 41-56.
  33. Monique Hébrard, Les nouveaux disciples, voyage a travers les communautés charismatiques, Paris: Le Centurion, 1979.
  34. Komunita Chemin Neuf, oficiální webová prezentace, http://www.chemin-neuf.cz/front-page-intl [cit. 11. 5. 2016].
  35. Brat Efraim, Neskoré daždě, Bratislava: Serafín, 1991.
  36. La Communauté des Béatitudes, Le livre de vie, Burtin: Éditions des Béatitudes, 1990.
  37. Komunita Blahoslavenství, oficiální webová prezentace, http://beatitudes.org/en/the-community-of-the-beatitudes-around-the-world# [cit. 20. 7. 2015].
  38. Jason Brian Santos, A Community Called Taizé: A Story of Prayer, Worship and Reconciliation, Westmont: InterVarsity Press, 2008.
  39. Taizé, oficiální webová prezentace, http://www.taize.fr/en_article6525.html?chooselang=1 [cit. 10. 7. 2016].
  40. Rex Brico, Taizé: Brother Roger and His Community, Wilton: Collins, 1978.
  41. Interview s bratrem Johnem, koordinátorem setkání Taizé v ČR (prosinec 2014).
  42. Mnišská Bratrstva Jeruzalém, oficiální webová prezentace, http://jerusalem.cef.fr/de-jerusalem/nos-liens [cit. 11. 6. 2015].
  43. "Mnišská rodina Betléma," oficiální webová prezentace, http://english.bethleem.org/ monasteres.php [cit. 14. 6. 2015].
  44. Komunita svatého Jana, oficiální webová prezentace, http://en.stjean.com/?rub=faqs# [cit. 14. 10. 2015].
  45. Komunita Archa, oficiální webová prezentace, http://www.larche.org/larche_in_the_world/ [cit. 14. 8. 2015].
  46. Jean Vanier, The Scandal of Service: Jesus Washes Our Feet, London: Darton, Longman and Todd, 1996.
  47. Jean Vanier, Our Life Together: A memoir in letters, New York: Harper Collins, 2007.